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The NYPD’s Internal Affairs Bureau issues “fraudulent,” warrant-less subpoenas to investigate rank-and-file cops and to prevent leaks to the media, a federal lawsuit filed Wednesday claims.

The subpoenas violate officers’ constitutional right to privacy and are part of a broad pattern in the department, according to the suit filed in Manhattan federal court by former cop Efrain Santiago.

They are issued without a warrant or a signature by a judge, according to the suit.

The subpoenas have also been used to target journalists — including Post reporters — when the department has attempted to plug leaks to the press, the suit states.

Efrain Santiago

Santiago’s lawyer, John Scola, said the subpoenas are designed to look like judge-approved documents, but have no “real teeth.”

“On its face, it looks like a subpoena you’d get from a judge,” Scola said. “That’s not a real subpoena, because it has to be signed by a judge. It has no real teeth.”

In the suit, Santiago claims internal affairs fraudulently obtained his phone records when they were investigating him for doing side work as a chauffeur for a man named Edwin Roa, which he started in 2012.

Unbeknownst to Santiago, Roa was a parolee with a criminal history, according to the suit.

In 2014, the NYPD charged him for associating with a felon and forced him, following a departmental trial, to accept 40 days of docked pay, the suit states.

A year later in 2015, the department again brought Santiago up on charges — this time for allegedly lying about contacting Roa and for associating with a felon, at which point investigators obtained his phone records from his carrier via an allegedly fraudulent subpoena.

He learned years later, during a 2018 meeting with internal affairs, that investigators in the department knew about phone calls he had with Roa because of one of the “fraudulent” subpoenas they sent to get his phone records.

Santiago argued in the suit that he was calling Roa in an attempt to recoup a car he used for the chauffeur business and to ask for money that Roa owed him for the work.

He added that the department issued the subpoena for his phone records “under the guise of criminal investigation,” which, Santiago claimed, did not actually exist.

The department “mislead the recipients of these fraudulent subpoenas in an effort to strong arm the recipient into turning over the records,” the suit states.

For background, Santiago included in the suit evidence that issuing warrant-less subpoenas is a pattern in the NYPD.

He included reference to a Post article that explained how the department tried to subpoena Twitter for New York Post police bureau chief Tina Moore’s account data after she posted a leaked crime scene photo.

“The NYPD attempted to cite a post 9/11 anti-terrorism law to trick Twitter into complying with the invalid and illegal subpoena,” the suit states.

“The illegal subpoena directed Twitter to ‘produce all device and contact information associated with the user handle @Tinamoorereport as well as all the handle’s connection history between October 9, and October 14, 2019.’ The illegal subpoena further tells Twitter not to inform the reporter for 90 days, so as to not interfere with the investigation,” the suit adds.

“After getting caught in their fraudulent scheme, the NYPD withdrew their subpoena,” the suit states.

In addition to the claim that his right to privacy was violated by the subpoena, Santiago also claims he was unfairly punished by the department because of his race.

“I have never done anything that warranted such investigation and treatment,” Santiago said in a statement.

“What hurts most, is that I was penalized much more severely and treated with a level of disdain that white cops are not. They are allowed to continue with their careers, enjoying their financial wealth, while minority cops are forced to suffer,” he added.

He is seeking unspecified damages and a jury trial.

“Any assertion that the NYPD uses fake documents to elicit information it can legally obtain through long established and legally accepted avenues is baseless,” said DCPI Spokesperson Sergeant Jessica McRorie. “That said, we will review the lawsuit if and when we are served.”

Filed under lawsuits ,  nypd ,  racism ,  subpoenas ,  8/5/20

News Source: New York Post

Tags: nypd lawsuits nypd racism subpoenas his phone records the department the department the subpoena

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I made pumpkin pie using 3 celebrity-chef recipes, and the worst was from a baking legend

A slice of each celebrity-chef pumpkin pie. Paige Bennett for Insider

  • I made pumpkin pies using recipes from Dominique Ansel, Alton Brown, and Bobby Flay.
  • My favorite recipe was Flay's because it was easy to follow and its special whipped cream was delicious.
  • Ansel's recipe was a disaster to make, and the pie tasted quite bland.
  • Brown's recipe was the simplest and had a stellar crust, but it didn't blow me away.
  • Visit Insider's homepage for more stories.

When it comes to fall comfort foods, nothing takes the cake quite like a slice of homemade pumpkin pie.

Celebrity chefs certainly feel the same way, which is why so many have their own pumpkin-pie recipes.

To find out which are worth trying, I tested pumpkin-pie recipes from Bobby Flay, Dominique Ansel, and Alton Brown.

Read on to see how the pies turned out.

Flay's signature pumpkin-pie recipe has many steps

The ingredients for Bobby Flay's pumpkin pie. Paige Bennett for Insider

Though he's known as a grill master, Flay can throw down when it comes to pies.

His recipe on the Food Network's website has several steps, but it seemed easy to organize and measure all the ingredients in advance.

The recipe also called for homemade bourbon-maple whipped cream, which sounded tasty. To make it, I needed grade-B syrup — but I learned that it no longer exists. So I stuck with grade A.

The pie came together easily and smelled delicious

Since I measured everything in advance, making the filling was as simple as pouring and whisking the ingredients together, then straining it for a super-smooth center.

Mixing the ingredients was easy. Paige Bennett for Insider

The only hiccup I had was that I don't own a food processor. I used a small blender/food-chopper that didn't quite work as well.

That made it tricky to integrate the melted butter with the crushed graham cracker.

The graham-cracker crust had to bake. Paige Bennett for Insider

Overall, the hands-on part was quick and easy. After baking for 10 minutes, my crust was set and ready to be filled.

The recipe produced far more filling than I needed, so I froze the leftovers for a future pie.

The crust wasn't perfect, but it held the filling just fine. Paige Bennett for Insider

I baked the pie for about 90 minutes. It came out golden, with a flawless top — no cracks here!

The whipped cream and the pie went together perfectly

Flay's pie looked perfect once it cooled. Paige Bennett for Insider

I was impressed with how well the pie held its shape as I cut into it. Though the crust along the bottom was probably thicker than it should've been, I was happy it didn't crumble and fall apart.

The whipped cream alone was incredibly delicious. I could taste every element: the cream, the vanilla, the bourbon, and the maple syrup.

As for the pie, the filling had a light pumpkin flavor with a nice balance of sweetness and spice. With the whipped cream, the dessert had the perfect balance of vanilla, maple syrup, warm pumpkin, and spices.

Flay's pie looked smooth and delicious. Paige Bennett for Insider

The graham-cracker crust was fine, but I wished it were crunchier — I was disappointed by its slightly soggy bottom.

The edges were crisp, but they weren't as flavorful as I would've liked.

Ansel's pumpkin-pie recipe is heavy on the ginger and calls for a dough crust

The ingredients for Dominique Ansel's pumpkin pie. Paige Bennett for Insider

I followed a recipe that the famous pastry chef and inventor of the cronut shared with InStyle.

My first concern was how much ginger — fresh and ground — it called for. I like ginger, but I don't love it in large quantities.

I was also expecting the pie to have a pretty rich center, since this recipe requires a lot of egg yolks for the filling.

For the crust, I had to battle with the dough

Since it involved making a dough-based crust, this recipe required a lot of steps. I'd recommend making this the day before if you need it for a certain occasion.

It took me a long time to grate the fresh ginger for the crust, so I ended up cutting the amount to about 1 1/2 tablespoons from 2 tablespoons.

After I mixed the crust ingredients and let it chill, it was time to roll. I cut the dough and put aside one half, which I originally planned to freeze for later.

The dough was incredibly difficult to roll. Paige Bennett for Insider

But rolling the dough was a disaster. My first half kept sticking to the rolling pin and the surface even though I had put flour on them and my hands before I started.

I got frustrated and scrapped this half, thankful to still have the second half. I kept this dough loosely wrapped in plastic wrap to help prevent it from sticking to the rolling pin.

This worked somewhat well — until I had to peel the dough from the plastic wrap and it fell apart.

I wrangled the dough as best as I could and draped it over my pie dish. It didn't quite fit, so I did my best to patch it together.

The dough didn't fit nicely in the pan. Paige Bennett for Insider

Next was the blind bake — when you bake a pie crust before filling it — which made me nervous because of how delicate the dough was. I used parchment paper and dry rice to weigh down the crust as it baked.

When I pulled the crust out and removed the rice, most of my dough came up with it.

I scraped some of the paper off and mended the crust as best as I could, but this was turning out to be a disaster.

Eventually I patched the dough together enough to form a crust. Paige Bennett for Insider

I pressed on and added the filling to the crust anyway. Then it was ready to bake.

Fortunately, the filling seemed pretty creamy. Paige Bennett for Insider

The pie took about 20 minutes longer to bake than the recipe's maximum estimated time of 35 minutes.

For all the trouble, the pie ended up rather bland

The pie I made with Ansel's recipe was OK. Paige Bennett for Insider

The pie looked OK coming out of the oven. The crust didn't have a perfectly pinched edge, but at this point I was glad it came together at all.

The filling mushroomed above the crust while it was in the oven, then dropped near the end of baking, which led to several cracks around the pie.

I thought that this pie would hold its shape the best of all three recipes because it had a dough crust, but it fell apart when I cut a slice. The bottom crust was thicker on one side and slightly soggy.

The crust wasn't great. Paige Bennett for Insider

The pumpkin layer tasted strongly of pumpkin — I would've loved more sweetness and a bit more spice for a better flavor.

The texture was super smooth thanks to the yolks. Fortunately, the ginger didn't overpower the flavor of the pie. But I wished the crust had more flavor.

For convenience, I swapped fresh pumpkin for canned in Brown's recipe

The ingredients for Alton Brown's pie. Paige Bennett for Insider

Brown's recipe on the Food Network's website requires baking a fresh pumpkin to make homemade pumpkin purée. Short on time and not a fan of pumpkin guts, I skipped this and used canned pumpkin purée.

I was surprised to see that this recipe didn't call for cinnamon, unlike any pumpkin pie I've ever made (or eaten). I hoped the nutmeg would make up for it.

Of the 3 recipes, Brown's was the easiest to follow

The pie's gingersnap crust was similar to Flay's graham-cracker one. Without a food processor, it couldn't come together as well as it should, but it still looked fine and smelled even better.

For the crust, I used a small appliance to grind the cookies. Paige Bennett for Insider

I pressed it into a pie dish and baked it for about 10 minutes.

Without fresh pumpkin, the filling was easy to make. I warmed the pumpkin purée and half-and-half along with nutmeg and salt on the stove, then whisked this mixture in a bowl with brown sugar and eggs.

I let the filling and the crust cool for 15 minutes, then combined them and baked my pie for 45 minutes.

The filling for Brown's pie was light orange. Paige Bennett for Insider

There were no mishaps here; the process was straightforward and quick. Obviously, if I had made the pumpkin purée from scratch, it would've taken much longer.

I loved the flavor of the gingersnap crust

Brown's pie was looking pretty good. Paige Bennett for Insider

After baking the pie, I noticed it had a bit of liquid pooling on the surface. Otherwise, the surface was blemish-free.

The sturdy crust held everything in place as I removed a slice from the pan.

The clear definition between crust and pumpkin in each slice made for a really nice presentation.

The filling could've used a bit more spice — cinnamon, perhaps — but it was still delicious. The pumpkin flavor came through and was sweet.

Brown's pie sliced quite evenly. Paige Bennett for Insider

The ginger flavor in the crust came through in every bite. It was slightly soggier than I had hoped, even along the edges, but I was worried that much longer in the oven would've resulted in a burnt crust.

I'd definitely make Flay's recipe again, especially the whipped cream

Brown's pie (front), Flay's pie (back), and Ansel's pie (right). Paige Bennett for Insider

I loved the filling and whipped cream from Flay's recipe, and overall the pie was simple to put together. The only thing I would change is making the crust more flavorful, perhaps by adding spices.

Brown's crust was delicious, and the filling's texture was perfect. With a food processor, I think I could get the crust to have a better texture. This recipe resulted in a pie that looked as good on Instagram as it did in real life.

Truthfully, I would love to try Flay's filling and whipped cream with Brown's gingersnap crust for the ultimate pumpkin pie.

Unfortunately, I can't see myself attempting Ansel's recipe again.

  • Read more:
  • I made cinnamon rolls using 3 celebrity-chef recipes, and the best one blew me away
  • I made chocolate chip cookies using 3 celebrity chefs' recipes, and the best is the simplest
  • I made French toast using 3 celebrity chefs' signature recipes, and the best one cost over $40 to make
  • I tried making Guy Fieri's signature recipes for a week, and I didn't love my whole trip to Flavortown

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