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The NYPD’s Internal Affairs Bureau issues “fraudulent,” warrant-less subpoenas to investigate rank-and-file cops and to prevent leaks to the media, a federal lawsuit filed Wednesday claims.

The subpoenas violate officers’ constitutional right to privacy and are part of a broad pattern in the department, according to the suit filed in Manhattan federal court by former cop Efrain Santiago.

They are issued without a warrant or a signature by a judge, according to the suit.

The subpoenas have also been used to target journalists — including Post reporters — when the department has attempted to plug leaks to the press, the suit states.

Efrain Santiago

Santiago’s lawyer, John Scola, said the subpoenas are designed to look like judge-approved documents, but have no “real teeth.”

“On its face, it looks like a subpoena you’d get from a judge,” Scola said. “That’s not a real subpoena, because it has to be signed by a judge. It has no real teeth.”

In the suit, Santiago claims internal affairs fraudulently obtained his phone records when they were investigating him for doing side work as a chauffeur for a man named Edwin Roa, which he started in 2012.

Unbeknownst to Santiago, Roa was a parolee with a criminal history, according to the suit.

In 2014, the NYPD charged him for associating with a felon and forced him, following a departmental trial, to accept 40 days of docked pay, the suit states.

A year later in 2015, the department again brought Santiago up on charges — this time for allegedly lying about contacting Roa and for associating with a felon, at which point investigators obtained his phone records from his carrier via an allegedly fraudulent subpoena.

He learned years later, during a 2018 meeting with internal affairs, that investigators in the department knew about phone calls he had with Roa because of one of the “fraudulent” subpoenas they sent to get his phone records.

Santiago argued in the suit that he was calling Roa in an attempt to recoup a car he used for the chauffeur business and to ask for money that Roa owed him for the work.

He added that the department issued the subpoena for his phone records “under the guise of criminal investigation,” which, Santiago claimed, did not actually exist.

The department “mislead the recipients of these fraudulent subpoenas in an effort to strong arm the recipient into turning over the records,” the suit states.

For background, Santiago included in the suit evidence that issuing warrant-less subpoenas is a pattern in the NYPD.

He included reference to a Post article that explained how the department tried to subpoena Twitter for New York Post police bureau chief Tina Moore’s account data after she posted a leaked crime scene photo.

“The NYPD attempted to cite a post 9/11 anti-terrorism law to trick Twitter into complying with the invalid and illegal subpoena,” the suit states.

“The illegal subpoena directed Twitter to ‘produce all device and contact information associated with the user handle @Tinamoorereport as well as all the handle’s connection history between October 9, and October 14, 2019.’ The illegal subpoena further tells Twitter not to inform the reporter for 90 days, so as to not interfere with the investigation,” the suit adds.

“After getting caught in their fraudulent scheme, the NYPD withdrew their subpoena,” the suit states.

In addition to the claim that his right to privacy was violated by the subpoena, Santiago also claims he was unfairly punished by the department because of his race.

“I have never done anything that warranted such investigation and treatment,” Santiago said in a statement.

“What hurts most, is that I was penalized much more severely and treated with a level of disdain that white cops are not. They are allowed to continue with their careers, enjoying their financial wealth, while minority cops are forced to suffer,” he added.

He is seeking unspecified damages and a jury trial.

“Any assertion that the NYPD uses fake documents to elicit information it can legally obtain through long established and legally accepted avenues is baseless,” said DCPI Spokesperson Sergeant Jessica McRorie. “That said, we will review the lawsuit if and when we are served.”

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Doug Pederson raises possibility of using Jalen Hurts more

Opinion: Americans want to travel for Thanksgiving, but the flood of Covid-19 cases cant be ignored Joe Biden expected to announce Janet Yellen as next treasury secretary pick Doug Pederson raises possibility of using Jalen Hurts more

As the Philadelphia Eagles continue to struggle on offense and questions grow about Carson Wentz’s future, coach Doug Pederson admitted it may be time to add some different looks.

© Kyle Terada-USA TODAY Sports Philadelphia Eagles quarterback Jalen Hurts

Pederson said Monday that he would like to involve Hurts in the offense more after the rookie played just one snap Sunday.

“I think I can get him in the game a little bit more,” Pederson said, via Michael David Smith of ProFootballTalk.

That could mean anything. Five snaps would be “a little bit more” than one, for instance. It’s at least an admission that the offense isn’t working right now and may require some different looks.

One thing that is clear: The possibility of Hurts replacing Wentz full time is not on the table. Pederson has consistently resisted benching Wentz and said so again on Sunday. Hurts may change the pace more, but this is still Wentz’s job right now.

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Full screen 1/26 SLIDES © Rick Stewart/Getty Images The greatest backup quarterbacks in NFL history Here are the greatest backup quarterbacks in NFL history. In an effort to not include overqualified QBs, only passers who started less than a third of their teams' games are eligible. 2/26 SLIDES © Aaron Josefczyk-Icon Sportswire Derek Anderson Browns 2.0 is 1-for-21 in playoff qualification. The closest Cleveland has come since its 2002 berth involved Anderson. Romeo Crennel benched Charlie Frye during a Week 1 loss in 2007; Anderson started the next 15 games. His first start: a 51-45 Browns conquest featuring five touchdown passes. The 2005 sixth-round pick ended that season with 29 TD passes — second-most in Browns history — and a Pro Bowl berth. After Brady Quinn could not full-on supplant Anderson, he later became Cam Newton's backup for seven seasons. His 2-0 starter record in 2014 was crucial in a 7-8-1 Panthers team's playoff journey. 3/26 SLIDES © Icon Sportswire Charlie Batch Batch posted back-to-back winning records as the Lions starter in 1999 and 2000, coming off the bench in '99 to lead them to the playoffs and helping them to the postseason precipice in 2000. But an 0-12 start in '01 led to Batch's release and preceded one of the longest backup-QB runs in NFL history. Batch signed with the Steelers in 2002 and stayed for 11 seasons, playing until age 38. He signed seven Steelers contracts, overcame numerous challenges to his QB2 role and led Pittsburgh to six wins in nine starts — including a 2-0 mark for a 2005 team that needed both wins to allow a Super Bowl march. 4/26 SLIDES © Doug Collier/AFP-Getty Images Bubby Brister Although Brister enjoyed a three-plus-season run as the Steelers starter, which peaked with Chuck Noll's final playoff berth in 1989, the 16-year veteran had a lengthy second NFL life as a 1990s backup. In Philadelphia, Brister first replaced Randall Cunningham after his midseason ACL tear in 1993, starting eight games with a 14-5 TD-INT ratio. However, his most notable backup work came at age 36 in Denver. John Elway missed four games in 1998; Brister threw 10 TD passes and kept the Broncos unbeaten until December. Denver scored 30-plus points in three of those games; Brister was a key part of an all-time great team. Slideshow continues on the next slide 5/26 SLIDES © George Gojkovich-Getty Images Cody Carlson Warren Moon's backup for seven seasons, Carlson mostly kept the Oilers' high-powered car on the road. Houston made the playoffs from 1987-93. Four of those seasons featured at least one Carlson win in a spot start. The Oilers went 10-4 under Carlson, a third-round pick out of Baylor, from 1988-93. Carlson made six relief starts in 1992, twice posting 300-yard games and quarterbacking four wins. He posted three game-winning drives that season. While he failed as Moon's successor in 1994, Carlson was a steady backup during a quality Oilers era. 6/26 SLIDES © Focus on Sport-Getty Images Virgil Carter The Bengals were dealt a tough blow when potential franchise quarterback Greg Cook suffered a career-ending injury barely a few games into his run. After more injuries at QB, Cincinnati turned to Carter in 1970. The mobile ex-Bears sixth-rounder became the guinea pig for Bill Walsh's future West Coast Offense, piloting the Bengals from 1-5 to a playoff berth. Then a Bengals assistant, Walsh used a short-pass system to help Carter. In 1971, Carter led the NFL in completion percentage. He gave way to first-rounder Ken Anderson in 1972 but hung around as an NFL backup until 1976. 7/26 SLIDES © Jess Beals-Icon Sportswire Todd Collins Longevity counts in QB2 annals; Collins supplied this better than most. Elvis Grbac's former Michigan successor played 16 NFL seasons, beginning as Jim Kelly's Bills heir apparent but settling in as a backup for most of his career. Collins initially helped the 1996 Bills make the playoffs, filling in for Kelly thrice, and spent much of the 2000s as Trent Green's seldom-seen Chiefs backup. Collins resurfaced in a key spot at age 36, filling in for Jason Campbell and going 3-0 with a 5-0 TD-INT ratio to lift the 2007 Redskins to the playoffs. He threw two TD passes in Washington's first-round loss in Seattle. 8/26 SLIDES © Brad Penner-USA TODAY Sports Chase Daniel Daniel has banked nearly $35 million and has done so without ever being signed to start for a team. Perhaps this era's quintessential backup/NFL character-actor equivalent was a Mizzou Heisman finalist before backing up Drew Brees, Alex Smith, Carson Wentz, Brees again and Mitchell Trubisky. Daniel's 11-year stat line: 149 completions on 218 attempts, seven TD passes, five INTs. He completed 70% of his passes in each of his two-game samples with the Bears, helping the '18 Bears to an NFC North title. Still going strong, Daniel signed a three-year, $13.1 million deal to back up Matthew Stafford. 9/26 SLIDES © Focus on Sport-Getty Images Gary Danielson Danielson played 15 seasons of pro football, the first two in the short-lived World Football League. The future college football analyst caught on with the Lions, with whom he played nine seasons. Despite playing in the final era for soaring INT totals, Danielson finished his career with an 81-78 TD-INT ratio. He took the Detroit starting job midway through 1978 and dropped a Lions-record five TDs on the Vikings. Danielson split time with Eric Hipple in Detroit's NFC Central title year in 1983 but threw five INTs in a playoff loss to the 49ers. Danielson finished his career as Bernie Kosar's Browns backup. Slideshow continues on the next slide 10/26 SLIDES © Rick Stewart-Getty Images Doug Flutie Almost overqualified for this list but not quite. Flutie's most notable NFL work came in 1998, when he replaced Rob Johnson and helped the holdovers from Buffalo's Super Bowl teams voyage to two more playoff brackets. Flutie's first NFL backup foray went poorly, with the undersized USFL alum stumbling for the 1986 Bears. He spent most of the '90s as a Canada icon before resurfacing as a 1998 Pro Bowler. The dual-threat passer was inexplicably benched for the Music City Miracle game but again came off the bench to help the Bills in 2000. Flutie finished a 21-year pro career by playing behind Drew Brees and Tom Brady. 11/26 SLIDES © Nate Fine-Getty Images James Harris The first black quarterback to be a regular NFL starter and first to start a playoff game, Harris was an NFL trailblazer. The Grambling product did not receive much of a chance with the Bills in the late 1960s and left football briefly in 1972, but he caught on with the Rams and became their starter when Chuck Knox traded Pro Bowler John Hadl in-season. Harris steered a defensively powered team to the 1974 NFC championship game, earning Pro Bowl honors. Back as a part-timer by 1976, Harris posted a 436-yard, four-TD day in a shootout win over the Dolphins. He finished his career backing up Dan Fouts in San Diego. 12/26 SLIDES © Matt Pearce-Icon Sportswire Shaun Hill Although Hill never made any starts for a playoff team, the 2002 undrafted free agent put together a 14-year career. Hill saw extensive time as a backup to Alex Smith in San Francisco, Matthew Stafford in Detroit and Sam Bradford in St. Louis. Given the keys to some bad teams' offenses, Hill finished his career with a 49-30 TD-INT ratio. The 2008 49ers wanted winners, and Hill delivered, going 5-3 with a team that ranked 23rd defensively. He threw 16 TD passes in 10 Lions starts in 2010 and hung around through until 2016, backing up Bradford again in Minnesota. 13/26 SLIDES © Jesse Beals-Icon Sportswire Kelly Holcomb Enjoying a quiet 14-year career best remembered for a shootout loss in Pittsburgh, Holcomb made the move from Peyton Manning's backup to a challenger to Tim Couch's Browns job by following Bruce Arians to Cleveland in 2001. The Middle Tennessee alum started three 2002 games, two of them shootout losses featuring 300-plus Holcomb passing yards. After subbing for Couch in Week 1 (the Dwayne Rudd Game), Holcomb did so in the Browns' only 21st-century playoff contest -- a 36-33 loss to the Steelers. But Holcomb threw for 429 yards, earning the 2003 Browns QB1 job. He played until 2007. 14/26 SLIDES © John Sommers-Icon Sportswire Brian Hoyer Earning his journeyman letterman's jacket, Hoyer is now on his third Patriots stay. Hoyer's most notable work came in his hometown. In 16 Cleveland starts between the 2013-14 seasons, Hoyer went 10-6. No QB in Browns 2.0 history can match that 16-game sample. Hoyer managed to have the Browns at 7-4 before fading in 2014; his benching for Johnny Manziel began a historically bad Browns run. Hoyer took over for Ryan Mallett early in 2015 and compiled a 19-7 TD-INT ratio in nine starts, helping the Texans to the playoffs. The career backup/spot starter now has a chance to succeed Tom Brady. Slideshow continues on the next slide 15/26 SLIDES © Al Golub-Icon Sportswire Damon Huard The more successful of the NFL's quarterbacking Huards, Damon played 13 seasons and collected a Super Bowl ring with the 2003 Patriots. When Dan Marino sat due to an injury in his final season, Huard went 4-1 in workmanlike wins. That stretch helped Miami to a wild-card berth. Huard's age-33 season in Kansas City was better. A frightening Trent Green Week 1 concussion thrust Huard into action. While the backup handed off to Larry Johnson plenty, he threw 11 TD passes and one INT, led the Chiefs to four 30-point games and a playoff spot. The Chiefs benching Huard in 2007 preceded a tough period for the franchise. 16/26 SLIDES © Focus on Sport-Getty Images Jeff Kemp In between Roman Gabriel and Jim Everett, the Rams could not find a steady quarterback in a near-15-year period. But like James Harris, Kemp came through in key spots. Replacing Vince Ferragamo in 1984, the fourth-year UDFA led the Rams to the playoffs. Eric Dickerson breaking the single-season rushing record helped matters, but Kemp made 13 starts and aided the Rams to nine wins. The 49ers traded for Kemp in 1986, and he started six games for an injured Joe Montana. He threw for 300-plus yards in two of those during a 49ers playoff season. Kemp played 11 NFL seasons, retiring in 1992. 17/26 SLIDES © Focus On Sport-Getty Images Bob Lee In between reliable stints as a Vikings backup, Lee oversaw the best Falcons stretch in their first decade of existence. A 17th-round pick out of Pacific in 1968, Lee was traded to Atlanta in 1973. He took over in Week 5 and led the Falcons to an 8-2 run that included a Monday night win (highlighted by this play) over his former Vikings team bound for Super Bowl VIII. Lee found his way back to Minnesota in 1975, finishing his career as Fran Tarkenton's QB2. His final start, in a 1977 do-or-die regular-season finale, ended with a 30-20 win for an aging Viking squad attempting to defend its NFC title. 18/26 SLIDES © Focus On Sport-Getty Images Jacky Lee A highly drafted backup and part of an unusual transaction, Lee was part of three AFL champions. The Oilers used their first-ever AFL pick on Lee but saw future Hall of Famer George Blanda come out of retirement and become the starter for the AFL's first dynasty. Lee came off the bench six times from 1960-61. A 1961 Lee start ended with a then-AFL-record 457 passing yards. AFL commissioner Bud Foss then helped broker a two-season Lee loan -- an all-time oddity -- to the Broncos. Lee actually returned to Houston after the loan but ended his career as a Chiefs backup. He played in all 10 AFL seasons 19/26 SLIDES © Eric Hartline-USA TODAY Sports Josh McCown Among non-kickers, only Tom Brady and Drew Brees have been active longer. A third-round Cardinals pick in 2002, McCown has played for nine teams. The 40-year-old QB has been both a productive and unproductive starter while serving as a capable backup for nearly two decades. McCown's game-winning TD pass knocked the 2003 Vikings out of the playoffs; he produced three straight 300-yard games to keep the 2013 Bears in the hunt while spelling Jay Cutler. McCown recently helped a skeleton-crew Eagles offense put a scare into the Seahawks in January. While 23-53 as a starter, McCown has played for many bad teams. 20/26 SLIDES © Denny Medley-USA TODAY Sports Matt Moore Like Lee, Moore also made a cameo for a Chiefs Super Bowl champion. Initially surfacing as a Panthers UDFA, Moore spent seven seasons in Miami. He took over for Chad Henne and helped turn an 0-4 Dolphins team into a less terrible 6-10 squad in 2011, ruining any #SuckForLuck hopes. And after zero starts from 2012-15, Moore secured Miami's lone 2010s playoff berth after Ryan Tannehill tore an ACL. Moore may end up being most remembered for leaving a high school coaching job to be Patrick Mahomes' emergency QB. The Chiefs would not have earned a bye had Moore's 275-yard outing against the Vikings not happened. 21/26 SLIDES © Focus on Sport-Getty Images Earl Morrall We have to bend the 33.3% rule here. It is impossible to have a backup QBs list without Morrall. A starter in 35% of his teams' games, the 21-year veteran arguably delivered the two most memorable years in QB2 annals. The former No. 2 overall pick was a journeyman before the Colts lost Johnny Unitas in 1968 and traded for Morrall. The late-arriving Colt became NFL MVP, throwing 26 TD passes. Super Bowl III did not go well for the two-time Pro Bowler, but Morrall ended up winning two rings -- first as Unitas' backup/fill-in 1970 and second as Bob Griese's reliever. Morrall went 11-0 as a starter in 1972 to preserve the Dolphins' 17-0 season. 22/26 SLIDES © Focus on Sport-Getty Images Bill Munson A first-round Rams pick in 1964, Munson did not retire until 1980. A backup and part-time starter for five teams, the Utah State product was best known for his Lions stay. Munson split time with the younger Greg Landry during much of his eight-year Detroit run. He came off the bench for a final drive in a 5-0 playoff loss to the Cowboys in 1971, nearing marching the Lions to an upset. Munson re-emerged as a starter in 1974 and '75, sporting a winning record with unremarkable Lions teams. He finished his career as a backup in Seattle, San Diego and Buffalo. 23/26 SLIDES © Focus on Sport-Getty Images Frank Reich Jim Kelly's backup for eight of the Hall of Famer's 11 seasons, Reich played 14 years and is responsible for one of the NFL's signature performances. After Reich struggled against the Oilers in Week 17 of the 1992 season, his NFL-record 32-point comeback in the Bills' wild-card revenge stunner featured 289 yards and four touchdown passes. A week later, Reich guided the Super Bowl-bound Bills to a 24-3 win over the No. 1-seeded Steelers. The current Colts head coach struggled away from Buffalo but still finished with a positive career TD-INT ratio and an unassailable QB2 legacy. 24/26 SLIDES © Sylvia Allen-Getty Images Don Strock It is difficult for any backup quarterback to top Strock's performance in arguably the greatest game ever played. Strock spent a staggering 15 seasons as the Dolphins' backup, starting 22 games and leading eight game-winning drives. While key in helping the team to two playoff brackets in the late '70s, Strock coming off the bench with the Dolphins down 24-0 in 1981's "Epic in Miami" was an all-timer. He threw for 401 yards and four TDs in the Dolphins' 38-35 Round 2 loss to the Chargers. Even his final start became a comeback win to secure the Bernie Kosar-less Browns 1988 playoff access. 25/26 SLIDES © Focus on Sport-Getty Images Mike Tomczak Tomczak played long enough to be a backup dancer in the 1985 Bears' "Super Bowl Shuffle" video and start a game in the 21st century. He received advantages of working with elite defenses -- the Bears of the mid-to-late '80s and the "Blitzburgh" Steelers of the '90s -— but he stepped in for Chicago's Jim McMahon and Pittsburgh's Neil O'Donnell frequently to help several playoff-bound teams. The 16-year veteran's best work came in 1996 when he replaced Jim Miller in Week 1 and led the Steelers to 10 wins and a trip to the divisional round. 26/26 SLIDES © Jonathan Daniel-Getty Images Steve Walsh A national champion at Miami, Walsh emerged as a notable fill-in for multiple playoff teams. With Saints starter Bobby Hebert a full-season holdout in 1990, Walsh replaced John Fourcade early that year and played well in spurts to help New Orleans to the playoffs — albeit at 8-8. He received another chance in a long-term audition four years later in Chicago. The Bears lost Erik Kramer to injury, and Walsh piloted the team to its only postseason cameo between 1991-2001. Walsh fared better in '94, completing 61 percent of his throws and throwing two TD passes in a wild-card win over the Vikings. 26/26 SLIDES

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