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AMY Coney Barrett has been sworn in as Supreme Court justice to replace Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg.

She was formally appointed after Republicans outvoted Democrats 52-48 in the US senate - here’s everything we know about the mother of seven.

3Amy Coney Barrett has been sworn in as Supreme Court justice to replace Justice Ruth Bader GinsburgCredit: Reuters Who is Amy Coney Barrett?

Amy Coney Barrett, 48, was born in 1972 and raised in New Orleans.

She is the eldest child of seven siblings. Her father worked as an attorney for Shell Oil Company.

She earned her undergraduate degree in English literature in 1994 at Rhodes College in Memphis, Tenn.

She then graduated from Notre Dame University Law School, and clerked for conservative icon Justice Antonin Scalia.

She taught at the University of Notre Dame in Indiana for 15 years, before being appointed to her current role as a circuit judge on the US Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in 2017.

Ms Barrett is married to former federal prosecutor Jesse M. Barrett who currently serves as a partner at law firm SouthBank Legal in South Bend, Indiana.

The couple live in South Bend with their seven children ranging in age from eight to 19.

Two were adopted from Haiti and one child has Down Syndrome and special needs.

She is also reportedly a member of People of Praise: a small, tightly knit Christian group which was founded in 1971 in South Bend, Indiana.

Members support each other through weekly meetings, religious teaching, Scripture readings, and prayer.

Controversially, the group is said to teach that husbands are the heads of their wives and should take authority over the family.

When was she sworn in as Supreme Court justice?

Barrett was one of the leading choices for the role following the death of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, a feminist icon and the second woman to ever serve on the nation's highest court.

She was nominated by President Trump on Saturday, September 26.

On October 27, Barrett was officially sworn in after the US senate approved her nomination by 52-48.

As part of the ceremony, Coney Barrett took the oath of office at the White House alongside President Trump.

It gives conservatives a 6-3 advantage on the Supreme Court, and Justice Barrett is the third to be appointed by President Trump after Neil Gorsuch in 2017 and Brett Kavanaugh in 2018.

Trump previously said at a rally in North Carolina he would choose a female as his pick for the next Supreme Court justice, and described Barrett as "very highly respected."

3Judge Barrett is married to former federal prosecutor Jesse M. BarrettCredit: Getty Images - Getty What are her views?
  • Barrett is a devout Catholic. She previously said “life begins at conception,” according to a 2013 Notre Dame Magazine article.
  • She is reportedly a member of People of Praise - a small, tightly knit Christian group.
  • She is strongly anti-abortion.
  • She is as an originalist, arguing that the Constitution should be interpreted based on the original understanding of its founders, and has advocated for a strict interpretation of the text.

Barrett has been questioned on her deeply held religious beliefs and how they could impact her jurisprudence and influence her decisions on the bench.

Liberals say Barrett's legal views are too heavily influenced by her religious beliefs and fear her ascent to the nation's highest court could lead to a scaling back of hard-fought abortion rights. 

During her Senate confirmation hearing for the appeals court in 2017, Democrats pressed Barrett on whether her strong religious views would impact her potential rulings on abortion and other hot-button social issues.

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Barrett responded that she takes he Catholic faith seriously, but said that she would stress that her personal church affiliation or her religious belief would not bear in the discharge of her duties as a judge.

She also said that good judges often don’t even like the outcomes of their own decisions.

In a speech last year, she said: "You are not there to decide cases as you may prefer. You are not there to decide cases as the public or as the press may want you to. You’re not there to win a popularity contest. You are there to do your duty and to follow the law wherever it may take you.”

3Coney Barrett took the oath of office alongside President Trump on October 27Credit: Reuters Amy Coney Barrett CONFIRMED as Supreme Court justice as Senate votes in favor of Trump pick in pre-election victory

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Georgia Senate Dem hopefuls differ on court-packing question

Georgia Senate Democratic candidates Jon Ossoff and Raphael Warnock -- both locked in tight runoff races that have drawn national attention -- have taken different stances on the question of court packing.

Ossoff is challenging Republican Sen. David Perdue, while Warnock is pitted against the state's other GOP senator, Kelly Loeffler. If Democrats pick up both seats, they will take control of the upper chamber, with Vice President-elect Kamala Harris casting tie-breaking votes.

GOP VIEWS GEORGIA SENATE RUNOFFS AS 'FIREWALL' AGAINST BIDEN'S AGENDA 

One of the important issues that could rest on the races is whether the Supreme Court could be expanded from nine justices. It’s a fringe idea that has gained momentum in recent years, especially so since President Trump nominated Amy Coney Barrett to fill Ruth Bader Ginsburg's seat. Barrett was confirmed while early voting was going on, enraging Democrats.

"Packing” the court with extra justices was attempted unsuccessfully by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1937, who sought to force through parts of his New Deal that were ruled unconstitutional by the high court.

Democrats have accused Republicans of stealing Supreme Court seats, and alleged that they have engaged in their own version of “court packing.” Consequently, a number of Democrats and activists have called for President-elect Joe Biden to attempt to pack the court with more justices.

Ossoff has opposed such a move.

“We shouldn’t expand the Supreme Court just because a justice may be confirmed with whom we disagree on policy,” he said in a September interview with Classic City News.

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Perdue’s campaign has been pushing Ossoff to go a step further and support a constitutional amendment limiting the number of justices to nine. So far Ossoff has not expressed support for such a proposal.

While Warnock has not supported court-packing, he has also not explicitly opposed it -- instead claiming it would be “presumptuous” for him to weigh in on the matter.

"I think it’s presumptuous for me to go further down that path -- talking about what ought to happen with the courts," Warnock said earlier this month. "I’m hopeful that the people of Georgia will look at my life, look at my record and give me the great honor of representing them in the United States Senate."

The opposition of even a small number of Democrats would kill any chance of getting a court-packing measure through Congress.

In addition to Ossoff, Sens. Kyrsten Sinema, D-Ariz., and Joe Manchin, D-W.Va., have voiced opposition to adding justices to the court.

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After repeatedly dodging questions on whether he supports court-packing, then-candidate Biden in October said he would form a commission to examine "how to reform the court system."

"If elected, what I will do is I'll put together a national commission, a bipartisan commission of scholars, constitutional scholars, Democrats, Republicans, liberals, conservatives," he said in an interview. "I will ask them to, over 180 days, come back to me with recommendations as to how to reform the court system, because it's getting out of whack."

Fox News' Evie Fordham and Sam Dorman contributed to this report.

Adam Shaw is a reporter covering U.S. and European politics for Fox News. He can be reached here.

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