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Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer Tuesday privately urged Democrats to remain united in an effort to pass a massive COVID-19 aid spending bill by a mid-March deadline, despite differences over whether the bill should include a minimum wage hike.

“He’s begging all of us, despite any differences with any one section of the bill, that we hang together,” Majority Whip Richard Durbin, an Illinois Democrat, said after the party’s weekly caucus luncheon.

“This is the signature provision of the Biden administration in terms of dealing with the pandemic. And the economy, and we, need to stick together. That's it.”

Senate Democrats aren't sure whether they’ll be able to pass a $15 minimum wage mandate that is included in the massive COVID-19 aid spending bill. The provision faces opposition from within their own party and could be ruled out of order by Senate parliamentarian Elizabeth MacDonough.

Schumer and Budget Committee Chairman Bernie Sanders will meet Wednesday with MacDonough to determine whether the mandatory wage hike would violate special rules they hope to use to pass a $1.9 trillion COVID-19 aid spending bill with only 51 votes instead of the usual 60.

MacDonough may rule to exclude the $15 hourly wage provision because it does not meet the requirements under a process called reconciliation that Senate Democrats plan to employ to stop the GOP from filibustering the bill.

If MacDonough tells Schumer and Sanders the $15 wage provision can stay in the bill, Democrats face another obstacle: Democratic Sens. Joe Manchin and Kyrsten Sinema aren’t in favor of a mandatory $15 minimum wage, and the party cannot pass the measure unless all 50 Democrats and Vice President Kamala Harris vote for it.

Manchin, of West Virginia, has pitched an alternative $11 minimum wage hike, but Democratic leaders are refusing to back his lower number and are holding out for passage of the COVID-19 aid spending bill with the $15 minimum wage mandate intact.

“Bernie Sanders and I are arguing very strongly for $15 and for it to be reconcilable,” Schumer said Tuesday. “We’re going to await [MacDonough’s] judgment before we go any further.”

The House is expected to pass the COVID-19 aid spending package later this week before sending it to the Senate. It would provide a new round of $1,400 stimulus checks and $400 in enhanced jobless pay.

The measure also would raise the minimum wage to $15 over the next four years. Schumer said the Senate must pass the measure before March 14, when the latest round of enhanced federal unemployment benefits expires.

The minimum wage hike has become a major sticking point within the Democratic Party.

Congress last raised the minimum wage in 2009 to $7.25, and many Democrats say a significant increase is long overdue and widely supported by the public.

“We’ve got tens of millions of workers working for starvation wages,” Sanders told reporters in the Capitol. “It is an absolute national disgrace. Fifteen dollars an hour is not a radical idea.”

But Manchin and other Democrats support a smaller increase.

Manchin said he would vote to amend the legislation to increase the minimum wage to $11 over the next two years.

He said businesses in small rural areas like those in West Virginia “would get eviscerated” by a $15-per-hour wage requirement. The $11 requirement could be phased in quickly, Manchin said, and would lift low-wage earners above the poverty level.

The nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office determined raising the wage to $15 would result in 1.4 million fewer jobs.

“Throwing $15 out there right now just makes it very difficult in rural America,” Manchin told reporters in the Capitol.

Without the support of Manchin and Sinema, the COVID-19 aid spending bill would stall in the Senate. Failure to pass the bill would be a major defeat for President Biden, who sent the spending package to Congress as his No. 1 legislative priority when he took office on Jan. 20.

Biden said earlier this month he does not believe the minimum wage provision will end up in the COVID-19 aid package, even though he included it in the proposal his administration delivered to Congress.

“I put it in, but I don’t think it’s going to survive,” Biden told CBS News.

Biden promised “a separate negotiation” on minimum wage legislation if the provision doesn’t pass with the COVID-19 aid spending bill.

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BLM Launches Survival Fund Amid Federal COVID-19 Relief Wait

By AARON MORRISON, Associated Press

NEW YORK (AP) — The Black Lives Matter Global Network Foundation is formally expanding a $3 million financial relief fund that it quietly launched earlier this month, to help people struggling to make ends meet during the ongoing coronavirus pandemic.

The foundation, which grew out of the creation of the Black Lives Matter movement nearly eight years ago, said Thursday that it plans to make up to 3,000 microgrants of $1,000 each to people who it believes need it most. The BLM foundation has already begun asking recipients to apply for the Survival Fund grants as it builds out its philanthropic arm.

If approved, the money is deposited directly into recipients’ bank accounts or made available on prepaid debit cards, the foundation said — no strings attached.

“This came from a collective conversation with BLM leadership that Black folks are being hurt the most financially during the pandemic,” BLM co-founder Patrisse Cullors told The Associated Press.

“I believe that when you have resources, to hoard them is a disservice to the people who deserve them,” she said.

Cullors, the foundation’s executive director, said that so far the Survival Fund’s first recipients have included the families of people killed by police or who died while incarcerated, grassroots community organizers, people who identify as transgender, single parents and formerly incarcerated individuals.

Before Thursday, at least 300 people had been approved for grants. The fund is being administered through UpTogether, a project of the Family Independence Initiative, which works to disrupt the cycle of poverty through direct investment to low-income families and budding entrepreneurs.

One Survival Fund recipient, Kusema Thomas, said he has been earning $1,500 less in monthly income since the start of the pandemic. The 45-year-old Los Angeles resident and father of 11-year-old and 4-year-old sons had been working as a community organizer and mental health specialist at a shelter for youth victims of domestic violence. His hours were cut back due to the pandemic.

Thomas, who was also formerly incarcerated, said that when he was asked to apply for BLM’s Survival Fund, he thought he was being pranked. But when the $1,000 grant showed up, he said it reminded him of the value of communities collectively pooling resources to bring relief and aid to their own.

“It reinforces some of the things that have just been natural to us as a community,” Thomas told the AP. “It’s a point of pride, that’s connected to our history of being able to support each other. It’s how we show love.”

Thomas said he is using the money to teach his sons how to begin saving, something that he wasn’t taught as a child.

The Survival Fund is part of the foundation’s 2021 focus on economic justice, particularly as it relates to the ongoing socioeconomic impact of COVID-19 on Black communities. On Tuesday, the BLM foundation revealed that it had raised $90 million last year, much of it after the May 2020 death of George Floyd, a Black man whose last breaths under the knee of a white Minneapolis police officer sparked protests across the U.S. and around the world.

And it comes as the nation awaits Congress to take action on a nearly $2 trillion relief package that includes $1,400 direct stimulus payments to individuals who earn less than $75,000 in annual income. The House of Representatives was expected to approve the package this week and send it over to the Senate, which is narrowly controlled by Democrats.

President Joe Biden has pledged to pass a new round of COVID-19 relief legislation within the first 100 days of his administration. He’s about 35 days in.

Still, Cullors criticized the effort, saying it was “unacceptable” that moving relief dollars into Americans’ hands was not the first thing the Biden administration did when it took over.

However, passage of the aid bill, expected next month, is happening far faster than earlier relief efforts during the Trump administration, which languished for months as Republicans and Democrats failed to reach agreement.

During that time, mutual aid and direct assistance programs like BLM’s Survival Fund have increased in popularity. According to the nonprofit Town Hall Project, which created the Mutual Aid Hub to track various collective efforts last March, the number of mutual aid groups in the U.S. grew from 50 to more than 800 in 48 states by last May.

Black mutual aid efforts, in particular, date back to the 1700s, when enslaved Americans pooled their money to buy each other’s freedom from bondage. In the late 1960s, the Black Panther Party for Self Defense created survival programs in which members provided groceries and breakfasts to the elderly and schoolchildren, as well as health care screenings through community clinics.

Cullors said the Survival Fund is a tribute to that legacy.

____

Morrison is a member of AP’s Race and Ethnicity team. Follow him on Twitter: https://www.twitter.com/aaronlmorrison.

Copyright 2021 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

Tags: Associated Press, infectious diseases, philanthropy, health, coronavirus, lung disease

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