Feb 23, 2021
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EFE videosLatin America tripled its severe food insecurity in 2020
Lima, Feb 23 (EFE) .- Latin America tripled its severe food insecurity in 2020 compared to the previous year and affected 10 million people, a situation that raises alerts about the lack of social safety nets in the region to mitigate the impact of the covid-19 pandemic.This was warned on Tuesday by the NGO Action Against Hunger, for whom “without solid protection networks in the form of subsidies, the disease is a condemnation of hunger for those who lived daily in the informal economy, have lost their jobs or find food every day. more and more expensive in the markets. ” According to the NGO report that was presented at a virtual conference, Latin America last year registered the largest relative increase in food insecurity in the world, a scenario that shows that the lack of protection nets is “building direct bridges between the covid-19 and hunger “. Specifically, the pandemic created 45 million new poor in the region, which accounts for almost a third of infections in the world despite having less than 10% of the world’s population, and led to ten million people in a situation of food insecurity severe, almost tripling the figure of 2019 when, according to the United Nations, there were 3.4 million. CENTRAL AMERICA The survey carried out by the NGO to 3,700 families in the rural communities of the Central American Dry Corridor, the area that stretches from Nicaragua to Guatemala, revealed that at least 3.9 million people are having difficulties to eat according to the minimum standards of quantity and quality, since only one in ten surveyed families reported having adequate food security. In addition, the study found an increase in income for the purchase of food, reaching 80% of the family budget. “More than 70% of families are forced to adopt survival strategies such as selling some of their possessions, applying for loans and sometimes even taking their children out of school,” explained Miguel Ángel García, director in Central America of Action Against Hunger. Socio-economic prejudices derived from the pandemic are added to the loss of crops caused by hurricanes Eta and Iota that hit large areas of Nicaragua, Guatemala and Honduras in November. However, García pointed out the need to improve support programs, which “are the key element that in circumstances like this can prevent millions of people from falling into poverty.” But the coverage of the “incipient social protection nets” in Central America is still “very uneven”, since García specified that while 50% of the Salvadoran families surveyed had some type of help from the State, the percentage in Guatemala fell 30% and in Honduras, 14%. PERU AND THE COMMON OLLAS In Peru, Action Against Hunger identified that 80% of respondents had lost their jobs or reduced their income by an average of 33%. According to América Arias, director of the NGO in Peru, the Andean country is “one of the most socially affected” by the pandemic because “it never got out of the first wave” of infections and, before the arrival of the covid -19, it already had 20% of its population poor or very poor. Now, three-quarters of the population is in a situation of food insecurity, a reality that affects “especially Venezuelan families” and that implies seeking alternatives such as “reducing the resources allocated to education, health and resorting to common pots “. Those community kitchens, mostly self-managed by women, reappeared in an improvised way as a kind of emergency neighborhood expression in the most vulnerable areas of Peru due to the lack of food, work and money. According to Arias, only Metropolitan Lima went from having registered 337 common pots to more than 1,300. “The pots depend on donations, which have been reduced” in recent months, lamented the director of Action Against Hunger in Peru, who also highlighted the “worrying reduction of iron in the diet, something essential to combat anemia” . COLOMBIA IN OVERCOMING The survey carried out in 34,000 households in Colombia revealed that 80% of the families, the majority Venezuelan, did not cover all their basic needs for food and housing and 20% did not have a stable source of income. In addition, as explained by the director of Action Against Hunger in Colombia, John Orlando, more than 58% of those surveyed “declared living in overcrowded conditions: 2.5 people live per room and in 13% of the cases they were identified up to five people per bedroom “. Orlando claimed the delivery of humanitarian assistance in cash as one of the most effective solutions to this situation as it is a “worthy alternative that gives families the option of choosing families over their urgent needs.” “They also allow the most vulnerable people to be formally linked to the local economy” and “humanitarian assistance is recirculated and strengthens the economy of the communities where these families live,” he insisted. (c) EFE Agency
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Tags: the most vulnerable lost their jobs in central america according according one of the most million people infections revealed in the region in the world the covid the pandemic the lack in colombia in addition increase
UK Govt Promises More Covid Giveaways, But Will Pay With Years of Tax Rises
The UK government’s total fiscal support for businesses and individuals impacted by the state-mandated coronavirus shutdowns will rise to £407 billion, the Chancellor has said, and years of tax rises are on their way to pay for it.
Britain’s Chancellor Rishi Sunak has presented a mixed picture of the health of the country after nearly a full year of on-off lockdown, offering continued government handouts and tax cuts for some, but also withdrawing future tax falls in some areas, and ordering outright tax rises in others.
Headline announcements include the extension of the various coronavirus support schemes, including cash support to businesses and furlough payments to laid-off workers until September in some cases, well beyond the projected end of lockdown. This is to cushion the shock of reopening the economy, the Chancellor said.
This and other support to businesses will see the government’s debt rise to record levels. The Chancellor will have spent £407 billion over two years on coronavirus support, he said, paid for with £355 billion in new borrowing. This will be the highest level since the Second World War.
Decade of Conservative Rule Saw Tax Raised on Britons Over 1,000 Times https://t.co/BBLsSwvNjJ
— Breitbart London (@BreitbartLondon) February 28, 2021
This extraordinary spending will now have to be paid for, Sunak said, and projected borrowing would continue to rise until 2023, when it would start to fall or else total borrowing would rise to unsustainable levels. Underlining the scale of the problem the government created by electing to shut down the economy last year, Sunak said: “It is going to be the work of many governments over many decades to [pay the money borrowed] back”, and just a one per cent increase in interest rates and inflation now would increase the cost of the government’s debts by £25 billion at a stroke.
Balancing his continued big spending on coronavirus bailouts with his intention to get the blossoming national debt under control, Mr Sunak told Parliament: “While it is right to help businesses and people through an acute crisis like this one, in normal times the state should not be borrowing to pay for everyday public spending… in the medium term we can not allow our debt to keep rising, and given how high our debt is now, we should be paying attention to its affordability.”
A key victim of the government’s lockdown is one of the Conservative Party’s core vote-winners: its reliability at cutting income taxes for ordinary Britons faster than the value of those wages are eroded away through inflation. The so-called ‘personal allowance’ — a tax-free amount anyone may earn before the state begins to deprive them through income tax — had risen from £6,475 in 2010 to £12,500 by 2020.
Yet this campaigning favourite will now be suspended, the annual increases enjoyed by working people over the past decade frozen for the rest of the parliament. While this isn’t a tax rise in the sense the thresholds at which different taxation levels kick-in will be preserved, as wage inflation pushes earnings higher, more and more people will be pushed into higher bands.
Businesses will see tax rises more directly, with taxes on profits — known as corporation taxes — rising six per cent to 25 per cent. Sunak defended the change by noting Britain would still have the lowest levels of corporate profit taxes in the G7, but nevertheless, the UK will still lose its competitive advantage over 20 other OECD members with the great leap.
Some of this will be offset, the Chancellor said, with a so-called “super deduction” incentive to encourage businesses to invest. The new rule would allow companies to reduce their tax bill by 130 per cent when making capital purchases — as Sunak said, a construction firm buying £100 million of new equipment could reduce its tax liability by £130 million.
The Chancellor said: “We’ve never tried this before in our country. The OBR says it will boost business investment by 10 per cent, around 20 billion more per year. It makes our tax regime for business investment truly world-leading, lifting us from 30th in the OECD to first.
“Worth 25 billion in the two years it is in place, this will be the biggest business tax-cut in modern British history.”